UW-Madison Police Department Chief Kristen Roman shares her thoughts and views on various police-related topics — covering topics that are relevant here on campus and across the country.
Have feedback or care to comment? Send us an email us. Be sure to include your contact information so we can reach back out, if necessary.
November 20, 2017
The origin of the word climate dates back to 1375, from Old French climat, from Latin clima – “to slope”, from Proto-Indo-European klei – “to lean”. In its earliest and still most common usage, climate refers to the weather in some location averaged over a long period of time. In this sense, climate is an aggregate of environmental conditions with a particular slope or lean developed over many years and as such climate change can only be effected over time. When considered in the context of the recently released UW-Madison Campus Climate Survey results, I’m drawn to these original meanings as a framework within which to examine and better understand the various factors that shape our campus climate, the different ways in which those in the same location experience its climate, and the challenges inherent in changing the slope or lean of something created over many years.
The goal of the Campus Climate Survey was to understand students’ experiences with and perceptions about campus climate and diversity, including how people of different backgrounds and identities experience life at UW-Madison. While most students, especially majority students, reported a positive campus climate at UW-Madison, across many survey questions students from historically underrepresented and disadvantaged groups reported less positive views of campus climate, to include a lower level of comfort in contacting the UW-Madison Police Department (UWPD). The fact that Trans/non-binary, LGBQ, Students of Color, and students with a disability reported that they were less likely to feel comfortable contacting UWPD if they had a problem is at best disheartening and further illuminates the trust challenges facing not only our department but the department across the street and those across the nation.
UWPD is committed to serving all members of our campus community. As a public servant, a Badger, a longtime Madison resident, and UWPD Chief, I am deeply concerned about any reported community reluctance to reach out to police for assistance. I understand that there are many social and political obstacles in place that inhibit/prevent certain individuals or groups from officially reporting problems to police and that many of these are beyond the ability of the police alone to eliminate. But to the extent that UWPD can identify and eliminate specific barriers, work collaboratively with our community to positively impact campus climate and build trust with those who are reluctant to turn to our department for help, we will invest the necessary time and resources wherever possible.
So what can we do? Scientists offer two strategies for addressing climate change: mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation involves limiting the extent of damage, while adaptation means changing the way we as a society live in response to the current/changing climate. UWPD endeavors to mitigate existing campus climate challenges through numerous ongoing outreach efforts such as our Community Officers, LGBTQ Liaison Officers, and CARE Team programs; through participation in various community engagement opportunities such as the Amigos en Azul program and United Way Immigration Task Force; through awareness and education initiatives such as our “We Believe You” and “Tell Us” campaigns; through ongoing cultural competency and implicit bias training; and through continued focus on improving our recruitment and hiring processes in an effort to create greater diversity within our ranks. Addressing climate change through adaptation strategies means that as a campus community and as a police department we cannot simply accept the status quo and must instead explore ways to individually and collectively reduce our “carbon footprint”. This principle is embodied in our UWPD “Reaching HIGHER” core values which not only ground us in the daily practice of serving our community with respect, integrity, compassion, and honor, but remind us that there is always room for improvement. As guardians dedicated to promoting community health and safety, UWPD is committed to continuous improvement. This commitment to continuous improvement means that we seek to foster healthy adaptation to changing environments and community expectations and that we welcome every opportunity to listen, to engage, and to cultivate trust through open and honest communication.
The challenged relationships that exist between police and marginalized groups have been shaped over many years. And while the current climate as negatively experienced by some of our UW students is not exclusively of our (UWPD) making, it is certainly one to which police have most often unintentionally, though arguably at times intentionally contributed over time. Of course, as with the climate change/global warming debate, we must first acknowledge that a problem exists and examine our role in creating it. To this end, UWPD regularly reviews department policy, procedure, and training, and we hold ourselves to rigorous best practice standards through our triple accreditation distinction. In addition, UWPD continues to establish collaborative mechanisms by which we can solicit and receive community input and feedback. By the close of this semester we will have in place the first UWPD Police Advisory Council, and on November 27th at 4:00 PM we will host the first of many community forums to engage those interested in discussion, address campus safety concerns, and answer questions. Lastly, as a campus community we must also accept that any remedy to a slope or climate long in the making and shaped by many factors, will require both a willingness to work together, and the patience necessary to effect significant and meaningful change over time.
On The Side of Peace
September 6, 2017
The warnings started from day one. Since I set out on this new adventure as Chief of the UW-Madison Police Department last January, nearly everyone I have met here on campus has issued me the same warning thinly disguised as advice: “Just wait until the fall!” Yet even as the words were spoken, there was a twinkle in the eye of their issuer and a flash of energy borne of eager anticipation that belied the dire warning. The truth is that this is what we have been waiting for all summer. It’s why we are here and why we do the work we do. The fall semester is an annual rite of passage that brings with it challenge, possibility, and hope.
Fall has always been my favorite time of year. When I was a student here, fall meant the start of another volleyball season and the opportunity to strive to be better – as a player, as a student, as a person – than the year before. And while each new academic year brought new challenges, it also brought new friends, new resources, and cumulative knowledge. Now, as I head into my first fall semester at the helm of the UWPD, I welcome the opportunities that we have as a department and as guardians of this campus community to be better, to engage existing and new campus partners to help define and fulfill our mission, and to further build upon UWPD’s solid foundation of problem-oriented community policing.
This does not mean that I do not heed the warnings of those who have been serving our campus community as faculty, staff, or administrators, for many seasons. I understand that with the start of another academic year comes a more demanding pace and the various challenges that a thriving and increasingly more diverse campus community can present. Perhaps one of the greatest challenges we face at this particular time as a campus community – a challenge currently facing every campus community – is how we will choose to respond to open debate and critique inherent in the pursuit of knowledge.
Recent events in Charlottesville, Berkeley, Boston, Phoenix, and our own blemished history offer us lessons as well as an opportunity to do better – to be better. UW-Madison leadership has been consistent and clear in our message. Our message unequivocally denounces the use of violence in the service of racist and anti-Semitic ideology and groups like the KKK and neo-Nazis. Our message emphasizes the value of diversity and a firm belief that the pursuit of knowledge is best served when it includes diversity of thought, experience, and being. Our message reinforces our commitment to peaceful free expression and exchange of differing viewpoints, even those that seemingly or inherently violate the values for which this campus stands. Our message seeks to unite this campus around a common purpose – that of listening, learning, and growing not despite our many differences but because of them.
As your Chief, I understand the vital role that the UWPD plays in the facilitation of open debate and the free exchange of ideas. Indeed I and all UWPD officers have sworn an oath to uphold these and other constitutional principles. While some may wish for police to use our authority and ability to exercise various levels of force to obstruct or entirely shut down any expression of ideologies espousing hate, the role of police in a free society demands professional neutrality. Regardless of our personally held beliefs or opinions, as peacekeepers charged with the responsibility to safely facilitate expressions of the First Amendment, there is only one side on which police can and should choose to be: on the side of peace.
To this end, the UWPD is committed to collaborating with campus partners like the Division of Student Life, Chief Diversity Officer, Director of Community Relations, Registered Student Organizations, and others to successfully facilitate peaceful demonstrations and safely provide for the expression of First Amendment rights. Voluntary compliance with the guidelines for protests and demonstrations that we have established and continue to assess is always our primary objective. As such, the UWPD philosophy, training, planning and approach to crowd management emphasizes the importance of communication before, during, and following these events. We will only employ the minimum level of intervention necessary to address actions that threaten the safety of our community members or of our campus, and only when voluntary compliance options have been exhausted or are not an option under the circumstances. The UWPD will research and evaluate potential campus speakers and events that raise safety concerns to determine whether or not a significant likelihood for violence is associated, and make recommendations to campus administrators up to and including the Chancellor as to whether or not an event can safely take place here on campus and if so what steps need to be taken to protect our community.
Peaceful protest has been a part of our campus culture for more than half a century. And historically, the role of police in campus protests and demonstrations here and across the country has admittedly been fraught with challenges. But in every challenge lies possibility. As summer comes to a close and we welcome new and returning students this fall, I look forward to all the possibilities we have before us to engage in open debate and conversation. While there is always more work to be done, we are a department and a campus committed to creating a community where everyone feels safe and has the ability to thrive. It is my hope that together we will meet these many challenges and possibilities with patience and with peace.
“Peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means by which we arrive at that goal.”
– Martin Luther King Jr.
Advancing the Vision
April 20, 2017
“Members of communities are key partners in creating public safety, so communities and police need mechanisms to engage with each other in consistent and meaningful ways.”
– President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing
During the process that led to my selection as UWPD Chief of Police, I was asked to publicly present my vision of a successful campus police department and to outline the strategies I would employ to advance this vision. Central to the vision I shared, is the understanding that trust is cultivated through consistency, consideration, and care. To this end, I am committed to community engagement and collaborative approaches to ensuring safety. And as I stated during my presentation and in numerous and varied forums since I began, I believe an essential strategy to further this particular vision is to establish a formal community advisory committee.
In these first few months as chief, through conversations both within the department and with several campus partners/stakeholders, I have developed a process framework to move this effort forward. It consists of three phases: information gathering, planning, and implementation. While I am fully committed to creating a community advisory committee, I understand that a thoughtful and collaborative approach will best ensure its effectiveness and sustainability — and as such will take time.
Currently, in this first phase, I am researching existing models for campus community advisory committees, meeting with various campus partners to gather information and insight, and working with these same partners to identify individuals representing a cross-section of campus and larger community stakeholders to participate in the planning phase. Next, during the planning phase, the identified stakeholders will provide input for the development of advisory committee expectations, goals, objectives, membership, and other operational details. Finally, the implementation phase will put in place community advisory committee members and establish mechanisms for ongoing assessment and communication regarding committee activity. It is my hope that by late fall, our first community advisory committee to the UWPD will officially convene.
Given that this endeavor is a work in progress, and I can’t foresee all possible bumps in the road ahead or predict the ways in which collaborative input will shape the process, the framework I’ve proposed here is certainly subject to change. As process adjustments are necessarily made, I will provide updates — so stay tuned for progress reports in the coming months. I am excited about the opportunity to work together toward what I believe is not my vision alone, but a shared vision. One that seeks to cultivate trust, foster improved police-community relationships, and to further promote campus safety through meaningful engagement and community input.
A Difficult “Peace”
March 16, 2017
This is a difficult piece to write. It’s difficult because in response to concerns and criticisms I have received following a recent Crime Warning my department issued — this written offering attempts to explain our process in the interest of providing clarity and creating understanding without communicating a defensiveness that I do not feel or intend to convey. It’s difficult because it is written with the hope and desire to invite conversation not impede it, yet I know that in our current climate even in the face of invited questioning and justified demands for assurances of accountability, my words – no matter how well-intended – will not meet with everyone’s approval. But most of all, this is a difficult piece to write because the concerns that have been raised about the Crime Warning are legitimate and serve as a painful but valuable reminder of the ways in which police have historically failed and in some ways continue to fail our communities of color.
For those of you who may not know, three weeks ago the UWPD issued a Crime Warning to alert our campus community of two African American burglary suspects at large. Crime Warnings are required under the Clery Act and in the past two years, the UWPD has issued 25 such timely alerts. Several things were unique about the Crime Warning sent on February 27, but what caught many people’s attention, was that this warning included photographs of the suspects. Because Crime Warnings are sent very closely following a particular crime to quickly alert our community of an existing or ongoing safety threat, it isn’t often that we have a lot of detailed information at the time of the release. Detailed suspect descriptions for these warnings are rare, and photos are even rarer. So rare, in fact, that since 2015 there has only been one other incident for which we had photos available. In that case, the decision was made, as is allowable within federal law, not to include the suspect photo in the warning because doing so would’ve compromised the pending law enforcement investigation. The inclusion of suspect photos in this case has raised concern among many who point to questions of overt or implicit bias in the decision, as well as questions about our level of awareness and sensitivity to the social backdrop against which this warning was issued – a backdrop in which Black lives are increasingly the target of hate attacks and threats of violence.
I understand that sending these campus-wide alerts can create damaging unintended consequences for our communities of color, particularly African American men. The UWPD is sensitive to this potential impact and whenever a Crime Warning is sent, we endeavor to balance our duty to protect members of our community from potential crime victimization, with our desire not to unduly reinforce or perpetuate negative stereotypes. I also understand that by including the suspect photos in the issuance of this particular warning, we simultaneously promoted the safety of our overall community while creating a potential safety concern for African American men in our community who are too often unfairly targeted/profiled as criminals. Therein lies the dilemma.
Many of our guiding principles when issuing a warning have been developed through an established Crime Warning Workgroup consisting of various campus administrators, and do include a consideration of the impact that issuing these warnings may have on our communities of color. For example, we will not include a suspect description if the only description we have is limited to race and sex. It is our belief that such a general description does little if anything to effectively warn and protect the community and could do more damage to our people of color in certain instances. This is a change we made in 2015 following community feedback and one that I think demonstrates our willingness to work to strike an appropriate balance.
As difficult as these conversations can be, I welcome opportunities to further review and respond to concerns about decisions made and actions taken, particularly when they call into question matters of consistency, fairness, and disparate impact. I have engaged in several conversations, both internally and externally, over the past few weeks. From these discussions, I have identified the following ways that we will work to improve our Crime Warning process:
- Ensure representation from a person(s) of color on the ad hoc Crime Warning Workgroup mentioned earlier who has demonstrated cultural competency and a capacity for critical thinking
- In addition to our existing practice of consultation with the Dean of Students, and University Communications, build into our process consultation with the Vice Provost and Chief Diversity Officer prior to the issuance of Crime Warnings that are likely to impact communities of color
- Review our guidelines for including photographs of suspects and communicate the process to our community
- Provide additional cultural competency training for UWPD managers
As Chief of this department, I am committed to engaging our community and entering into constructive conversations around complex issues such as these with an open mind and an open heart. I am willing to listen, to acknowledge when missteps occur and work to address them, and to facilitate a process of continuous feedback and improvement that is shaped by a responsiveness to community expectations. And while we won’t always agree on specific decisions made, I believe it is important to keep talking, learning, and working together to build trust and promote safety for all members of our community.
February 16, 2017
In this short Life
That only lasts an hour
How much – how little – is
Within our power
For the better part of my career, I’ve had a printed copy of this Emily Dickenson poem hanging in my office just above my desk. It has always served as a reminder to me that for as long as I am here, one of the few things over which I have control is how much I invest, how present I am, and how much I give – to whatever effort, challenge, or relationship is in front of me. To this end, those who know me well know that I don’t do things half-heartedly, I strive for continuous improvement, and I’m not one to give up without exhausting all possible options. This has been my approach to most things in my life, and stepping into this position as Chief of Police for the University of Wisconsin-Madison Police Department is no exception.
My first month has flown by quickly. In my short time here I’ve sworn in 3 new officers and was officially sworn in myself. I’ve attended my first UWPD in-service training and this week I’m conducting my first round of officer candidate interviews. I’ve been meeting regularly now with a host of campus partners and have many more introductory meetings scheduled in the weeks ahead. At each turn, I’ve been received with warmth, support, and a genuine desire to constructively engage around issues that impact the quality of life, safety, and education on our campus. I recognize the tremendous opportunity I have to contribute to this community in leading the exceptional men and women of the UW-Madison Police Department. So with my first “Chief’s Corner” blog, I want to begin by sharing the framework out of which I lead, and my vision moving forward.
At our core, UWPD is committed to promoting and supporting the academic and research mission of the university. Our primary focus, of course, is safety — and to this end, we are proactive in our efforts to be leaders in innovative community-oriented policing. We value diversity and promote campus community wellbeing through collaborative approaches to ensuring safety. Our work and my vision for this department is grounded in the concept of “reaching higher”. This means that we are committed to a continuous process of assessment – of working toward that next level of service and to do this requires ongoing solicitation of feedback, engagement, and a responsiveness to the community we serve. It requires communication, consideration, collaboration, compromise, consistency, and creativity.
So how do we advance this vision? I believe we start by listening. Shortly after I took office, I began the process of establishing both external (community) and internal (department) advisory groups. I’ve met with students both through ASM and in smaller groups to hear directly from them about their concerns, expectations, and ideas. I’ve partnered with campus administrators, staff, and faculty to discuss such issues as campus carry, sexual assault, alcohol use/abuse, use of force, community control of police, protest guidelines that seek to facilitate free speech even when that speech is unpopular or even hateful, questions about immigration enforcement, and the fear that many students of color experience.
This blog – the first of many to follow – is just one way that I hope to improve communication, offer a level of transparency, create a mechanism for sharing insights and updates, and further cultivate trust and understanding. The issues before us present complicated challenges that aren’t easily resolved. But I am committed to the process, to engaging in community conversation and in doing what is “within our power” in the UWPD to work toward solutions.